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PRODUCT DATA of 18 Ni Maraging steel, 250 grade
Material18 Ni Maraging steel, 250 grade
General InformationThe high-strength maraging steels are hardened by a reaction that does not involve carbon. Instead, they are strengthened by the precipitation at 480 C of intermetallic compounds in a low martensitic matrix. Carbon is considered an impurity in these alloys and is kept as low as commercially feasible (<0.03%)
Processing and AssemblyIn the solution annealed condition (as supplied to the customer), they are very tough, relatively soft (30/35 HRc ), and therefore, readily machined and formed. After machining or forming, a precipitation hardening (aging) process, which requires no protective atmosphere and relatively low furnace temperatures, raises the hardness to a level sufficient for many tooling applications. For optimum strength and toughness, carbon, silicon, manganese, sulfur and phosporous should be held at low levels. An important aspect of maraging steels is that martensite is formed at all cooling rates and thus in all section sizes. The usual concepts of hardebility do not apply to maraging steels. Standard annealing and aging cycle: Annealed for one hour at 815° C, air cooled and aged at 480° C for three hours
Effects of Space environmentVacuum poses no special problems. All metals in contact under vacuum conditions or in inert gas have a tendency to cold weld.
Chemical Composition0.03C-18.5Ni-7.5Co-4.8Mo-0.4Ti, rem Fe
Name of ManufacturerAubert and Duval
22, rue Henri-Vuillemin • 92230 Gennevilliers - France
33 (0)1 55 02 58 00
33 (0)1 55 03 58 01

Postbus 10000, 1970 CA IJmuiden, The Netherlands
+31 (0) 251 499111
+31 (0) 251 470000
Development StatusCommercial Product
Equivalent DesignationsMaraging 250; Maraging C250; Vascomax C250, Marval 18, c-250
Space ExperienceLimited
Specific Gravity8
Phase changesAlloy transforms to martensite on slow cooling from annealing temperatute. Ms=230 C and Mf=150 C approximately. These temperatures depend on the exact alloy composition. Austenite reversion occurs on overaging which depends on time and temperature and on composition.
Magnetic PropertiesFerromagnetic
Relative Permeability77.5
Remark: at 200 oersteds
Tensile Modulus180 GPa
Remark: 12 mm Plate CVM anneal 815 C+ 482 C for 3 hrs aged
Poisson Ratio0.32
Electrical Volume Resistivity1.38e-7 to 2.36e-7 ohm.m
Thermal Conductivity25.6 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion Coefficient10.1 μstrain/°C
Specific Heat0.293 J/g.K
Corrosion/ThermalMaraging steels corrode substantially in tap water, some neutral salt solutions and in some inorganic and organic acids. They should be protected from exposure to corrosive solutions by a suitable coating. Cathodic protection is not recommended due to the danger of hydrogen embrittlement.
Atmospheric CorrosionAtmospheric environments such as industrial and marine atmospheres, corrode the maraging steels 12 to 25 um per year.
Stress Corrosion StatusLow Resistance to SCC: Table 3
Remark: Not for primary structural items
Remark: Requires Stress corrosion evaluation form
Remark: acc. to ECSS-Q-ST-70-36C
Data Quality: Design Data
EMF vs SCE-0.31 V
Remark:in aged condition, in 3.5%NaCl
Data Quality: Design Data
MachinabilityThis alloy is machined most easily in the solution treated condition. Because of its dimensional stability, machining prior to aging should be considered.
WeldingThis alloy is weldable in both the solution annealed and fully heat treated conditions. Heat input to the weld area should be minimized in order to minimize the amount of reverted autenite in the heat affected zone. In general avoid prolonged times at elevated temperatures - do not preheat - keep interpass temperatures below 120 C - use minimum possible weld energy input - avoid conditions causing low cooling rates
BrazingThere are no brazing problems unique to this steel. Temperatures in the austenite reversion range should avoided Temperatures above 980 C result in grain coarsening Excellent vacuum, very dry reducing atmospheres to minimize the presence of oxides
PlatingThis steel can be nitrided.
Special RecommendationsThe yield strength and toughness of aged material will vary from heat to heat within the specified composition limits. It is recommended that for critical applications the aging response regarding strength and toughness is determined for each heat.